Financial Freedom / Time to shatter gender stereotypes
Why do we cling to the myth that women don't understand money as well as men? If you look at the personal finance books out now, some of the titles might convince you that women need "special help" when it comes to figuring out saving, investing and budgeting. The current self-help tomes include "Prince Charming Isn't Coming," "SHOO, Jimmy Choo," "The Modern Girl's Guide to Spending Less and Saving More," "Does This Make My Assets Look Fat," and "Girl, Get Your Money Straight.
Judging by these titles, you would think contemporary American women are naive shopaholics or squanderers. But is that really the case?
Data suggests women and men don't spend that differently. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, which tracks consumer spending patterns per gender, finds that personal spending between the genders evens out. For example, while women have historically spent more on their apparel than men, recent findings show that men are spending more on eating out, audio and visual equipment and transportation.
Do women run wild at the mall? Data seems to say otherwise.
While the most recent BLS data indicates that 76 percent of women have at least some credit card debt compared with 67 percent of men, it also reveals that credit card balances are higher for males. Empathica, a firm providing consumer insights to retailers, found in a poll of more than 7,200 U.S. consumers in 2009 that 72 percent of women had reduced their retail spending in the recession compared to 62 percent of men.
Two surveys suggest women might be more prudent investors.
In 2001, a study conducted by two University of California-Davis professors titled "Boys Will Be Boys: Gender, Overconfidence, and Common Stock Investment," appeared in MIT's Quarterly Journal of Economics. Looking at patterns across 35,000 households, Brad Barber and Terrance Odean determined that male investors traded stocks about 50 percent more often than women, with their market timing efforts resulting in poorer returns and more frequent fees and charges.
In March 2009, University of Oregon professor Ellen Peters conducted a nationwide survey which revealed that just one in every 40 women had "made riskier investments looking for long-term growth" in the past week, while one in eight men had taken such a risk. Other surveys find women prioritizing savings and debt reduction.
A new TD Ameritrade poll indicates 68 percent of women intend to save more in 2011, compared to 62 percent of men. In a 2010 Citigroup survey, 48 percent of women aged 18 to 39 said that they were saving more than they had in the past. Overall, 72 percent of women in the Citi survey said they would use extra cash to pay down debt, compared to 65 percent of their male counterparts.
The real issue is unequal income. On average, women live longer than men and need more money across a lifetime. Yet, on average, they don't earn as much as men. According to the Labor Department, women working full time after age 24 still earn just 80 percent of their male counterparts.
However, the National Center for Women and Retirement Research estimates that 75 percent of women will be widowed and that 90 percent of women will be solely responsible for their financial situation at some point.
There is no need for condescension; there is a need for comprehension. Women do need to realize the financial challenges that come with potentially longer lifespans and potential absences from the workforce, and plan accordingly. But, it's time to shed the old stereotypes and myths.
Rick Krollman, of MONECO Advisors of Fairfield, may be reached at 203-319-3550 or firstname.lastname@example.org.